Talc powder & ethanol: A simple and efficient method for preventing ants from escaping
In the recently published article “A simple and efficient method for preventing ant escape (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)” in Myrmecological News by Dongdong Ning, Fan Yang, Qian Xiao, Hao Ran, and Yijuan Xu reveal that a mixture of talc powder and ethanol is an easily attainable solution that prevents ants from escaping. Here, Yijuan Xu shares his motivation and the biggest obstacle they had to overcome during their research.
An interview compiled by Patrick Krapf
MNB: Could you tell us a bit about yourself?
YX: I am a professor of Entomology in the Department of Entomology at South China Agricultural University (SCAU). Research in my laboratory mainly focuses on the ecology and management of invasive ants. This ranges from invasiveness of exotic ants and the adaptability of native ants towards invasive species, to the environment-friendly prevention and control technology. I’ve been at SCAU since I started my college life in 1997 and authored numerous scientific papers. I live in Guangzhou with my family.
MNB: Could you briefly outline your research on mixture of talc powder and ethanol you published in Myrmecol. News in layman’s terms?
YX: During the process of insect rearing and research, reliable insect escape prevention is indispensable. However, methods for preventing the escape of small insects, such as ants, remain limited. Here, we propose a simple and efficient method for preventing ant escape. Talc powder mixed with ethanol at a concentration of 20% could prevent 100% of Solenopsis invicta from escaping, and the mixture of talc powder and ethanol could also prohibit 100% of Monomorium intrudens from escaping when the particle diameter (D97) values were 2 µm [MNB: 2 thousandth of a millimeter] and 3 µm. Furthermore, the mixture could prohibit 100% of M. intrudens from escaping when the concentration of talc power (D97 = 2 µm) was higher than 1%. The anti-escape effect of this solution was maintained for more than three months and was stable for one year.
MNB: What is the take-home message of your work?
YX: The talc powder-ethanol mixture is more efficient than Fluon to prevent small ant species escaping.
MNB: What was your motivation for this study?
YX: To find a more effective method to prevent small ants from escaping, as well as to make an alternative method which is cheaper and easy to clean.
MNB: What was the biggest obstacle you had to overcome in this project?
YX: In the past, people used talc powder directly to prevent ant escape, but talc powder is falls off easily and hurts ants. So, our biggest challenge in the experiment is to find a way to keep talc powder from falling off. We tested water and other solvents, and finally found that alcohol is the most suitable ingredient in the mixtures.
MNB: Do you have any tips for others who are interested in doing related research?
YX: If you want to use our method to prevent small ants such as Pharaoh ant from escaping, you’d better use talc powder with particle diameter (D97) values lower than 3 µm.
MNB: Where do you see the future for this particular field of ant research?
YX: I believe that more and more people will use our simple, inexpensive, and efficient method.